Getting caught out is one of the most common ways that batsmen get dismissed, especially in the T20 format of the game where batsman are trying to get runs as quick as possible. A catch can happen anywhere on the field, from a snick behind to a mistimed block shot propelling the ball into the air. There is a reason why coaches say “catches win matches”.
Getting bowled out may be one of the most embarrassing moments a batsman has to go through. Ex Sri Lankan spin bowler Muttiah Muralitharan has bowled out 290 batsmen in 495 matches with 22% of his career wickets from bowling out batsmen. Pakistani fast bowler Wasim Akram has bowled out 278 batsmen in his 460 matches at a 30% bowled rate.
To be given out LBW, the ball must strike the player on the pads without touching the bat first and the the umpire must decide that the ball would be going on to hit the wickets. There are some rules for umpires to consider when deciding if a batsman can be given out LBW: 1- The ball cannot pitch on the leg side before going on to hit the pad. 2- The ball must hit the pads in line with the wickets- however a batsman can be given out if the ball hits the pads outside off stump but is going on to hit the wickets IF the batsman did not offer a shot.
A batsman will be given out if he misses the ball and the wicket keeper breaks the stumps with the ball while the batsman is out of his crease. The wicket keeper with most stumpings in an international career is Indian player M.S. Dhoni with 195 stumpings in 538 matches.
5. Run out
Batsmen can be given out when running between the wickets if they don’t make it to the crease before the ball dislodges the bails after a player has thrown the ball. The cricketer with the record of being run out the most in their international career is Indian player Rahul Dravid with 53 run outs in his 508 matches.
6. Handling the ball
A batsman can be given out handling the ball if he willfully touches the ball while in play with his hand not touching the bat unless a fielder has given him permission to do so. South African cricketer Russell Endean was the first person in international cricket to be given out by handing the ball. Andrew Hilditch is the only international cricketer to be given out by handling the ball as a non-striker.
7. Hit ball twice
The MCC cricket laws states that: The striker is out Hit the ball twice if, while the ball is in play, it strikes any part of his person or is struck by his bat and, before the ball has been touched by a fielder, the striker willfully strikes it again with his bat or person, other than a hand not holding the bat, except for the sole purpose of guarding his wicket. It is very rare for a batman to be dismissed this way.
8. Hit wicket
A batsman can be given out if he dislodges the bails with his bat or any part of his body from the moment the bowler starts his delivery stride and while the ball is in play. On 1 December 2017, West Indian player Sunil Ambris became the first player to be dismissed hit wicket on debut, also getting out for a golden duck.
9. Obstructing the field
Either batsman is out obstructing the field if he willfully obstructs or distracts the fielding side by word or action. Only two batsmen are dismissed for obstructing the field and they are Jason Roy of England against South Africa at Taunton in 2017 and Hassan Rasheed of Maldives against Qatar in Muscat in 2019.
10. Timed out
Law 40 of the Laws of Cricket provides that an incoming batsman must be in position to take guard or for his partner to be ready to receive the next ball within three minutes of the fall of the previous wicket. If this requirement is not met, the incoming batsman will be given out, timed out, on appeal. West Indian player Vasbert Drakes was dismissed timed out during a match after his flight was delayed. He never even made it to the cricket ground!
11. Retired out
A batsman retires out if he retires without the umpire’s permission and does not have the permission of the opposing captain to resume his innings. If such a return does not occur, the batman is marked as “retired out” and this is considered a dismissal for the purposes of calculating a batting average.